Education in the United States of America is provided in private, public and home schools. Normally, state governments set overall standards of education, even Mandate standardized tests for public k-12 school systems and supervise, usually through a board of regents, universities, and state colleges. The funding $1.3 trillion comes from state and local governments, with federal funding accounting for only around $200 billion. In this article, you get all the information regarding education in the United States.
In the United States in 2013, 87% of school-age student children state funded public schools, and about 10% students attended tuition-funded and foundation-funded private schools, and about roughly 3% were home-schooled. In the USA, law education is compulsory over an age ranging starting between five and eight and ending between ages of sixteen and eighteen, depending on the state. This requirement can be satisfied in state-certified private schools, or an approved home school.
Home to the maximum number of international students the country US provides a large range of courses for all study levels. Children are mostly divided by age groups into grades, such as ranging from 5 to 6 years old (kindergarten) and for first grade 6 to 7 years old, and up to the twelfth grade is from 17 to 18 years old as the final year of their high school. Read along to know the study levels, fees structure, and financial aid for education in the United States.
Study levels of education in the United States?
In the United States, there are study levels for students to complete their education like in other countries. Here are the study levels of education in the United States.
- Elementary school
- Middle school or junior high school
- High school
- And higher education.
Let’s know the overview of the qualifications available in the United States of america. Firstly, the qualification of an associate degree is a job-oriented program that allows a graduate student to launch a career and it is also equivalent to the first 2 years of a four year bachelor’s degree. It’s duration is two years.
Secondly, about a bachelor’s degree. These undergraduate degrees that are available in the United States include courses, major, minor and elective. The four year of this degree are known as freshman, junior, senior and sophomore. The duration of this bachelor’s degree is 3 to 4 years. And if we talk about a master’s degree(professional) then it’s duration is 1 to 3 years. And it leads students from first degree to a particular profession. Normally, its duration depends on the field of study. So, it can be for 1 year, 2 year or maybe 3 year.
Master’s degree (academic) is of duration 2 years. Generally, it is awarded in traditional disciplines of humanities, science and arts. And it may lead students to doctoral programs also. Last but not least, the doctorate of Ph.D. has a duration of 5 to 8 years. And it is completed under the supervision of faculty advisors. Usually, a Ph.D. is awarded on the completion of dissertation and successful defence before a panel of faculty members.
Types of institutions of education in the United states:
Here, there are numerous types of institutions in the US that provide students a quality education. Let’s understand it better by categorizing them:
As we know, colleges are smaller than universities. Generally, colleges provide undergraduate degrees. Community colleges are the affordable option to study in the US, it offers you a two-year associate degree after which you can continue your studies in the university for another two years to complete your undergraduate degrees. Most US universities and colleges started their classes in August-September month which is usually known as the fall session. Few others also provide January-February intake till April, which is known as the spring intake.
Usually, universities offer you research-based master, doctoral and post-doctoral degrees. Mainly, there are two types of universities present in the US. that is public universities and private universities. The classes of the US mostly have no more than 20 students and faculty members will take the time to get to know students and their strengths of learning.
The duration of each course depends on the university and specialization.
- Public universities: these universities are mostly state universities that are established and run by the state government.
Private universities, these universities are a mix of profit and non-profit supported by tuition fees and donations; approximately 20% of students are attending private universities.
Fees structure in the US, the fees is in the form of tuition fee and it depends on the type of qualification and university or college you choose. Courses in the engineering and medical field are expensive compared to others. As with other countries, MBA programs are the most expensive. The tuition is generally spent annually and it can range between US$10,000 and US$55,000.
Financial aid for education in the United States?
Yes, you heard it right! You can fund your studies by availing of various kinds of financial aid available in the United States of America for education. Let us understand better these financial aid by classifying them.
- Athletic scholarships.
- Need-based aid.
- Fellowships or grants.
- Scholarships or tuition waivers.
- Teaching assistant ships.
- Administrative assistantships.
- Research assistant ships.
These aids can be provided by the government for the education of the United States, or private organizations and educational institutions. Remember, that the competition for such aids is high so you must apply them in advance.
Education in the United States is a good option if you are looking for it because their pedagogy is provided in American classrooms. And it places great significance on diversity, meaning classes will consist of different ages, ethnicities, and religions. This provides an interesting and stimulating learning atmosphere that motivates cross-culture socializing and understanding. Hope you get all the information regarding education in the United States.
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